Paper making is one of the inventions by the Chinese. 105 A.D is often cited as the year in which papermaking was invented. In that year, historical records show that the invention of the paper was reported to the Eastern Han Emperor Ho-di by Ts’ai Lun, an official of the Imperial Court. However, recent archaeological investigations found the actual invention of papermaking almost 200 years ago.
Ts’ai Lun broke the bark of the mulberry tree into fibers and turned them into a sheet. Later it was discovered that the quality of the paper could be greatly improved by mixing the paper knots and old fish nets in the pulp. This paper soon became widely used in China and spread to the rest of the world via the Silk Road. An official history written a few centuries later explained: In ancient times writing was usually done on pieces of bamboo or silk, which were then called ji.
But due to silk being expensive and bamboo heavy, these two materials were not combinatorial. Tsai Lun then thought of using tree bark, en hemp, rags and fish nets. In 105 he gave a report to the emperor on the paper-making process, and received high praise for his ability. Since this time the paper has been in use everywhere and is called “Marquis Tsai’s paper”.
In a few years, the Chinese started using paper for writing. About 600 A.D. Woodblock printing was invented and 740 A.D. By, the first printed newspaper was seen in China.
Formerly, papermaking moved to Korea, where paper production began in the early 6th century AD. The pulp was prepared from hemp, rattan, mulberry, bamboo, rice straw and seaweed fibers. By tradition, a Korean monk named Don-cho brought papermaking to Japan by sharing his knowledge at the Imperial Palace in about 610, sixty years after the beginning of Buddhism in Japan.
Along the Silk Road, we came to know that the paper was introduced to the Xinjiang region long ago according to archaeological records. The paper found at Kochang, Lolan, Kusha, Kotan, and Dunhuang sites dates back to the early 2s. century. The technique was eventually completed by 750 AD. Reached Tibet around 65 AD and then. Came to India after Until Xuen Tsang 4 A.1 A.D. from China.
For a long time the Chinese closely watched the secret of paper manufacturing and tried to eliminate other Oriental centers of production to ensure monopoly. However the Tung army was defeated by the Ottoman Turks in a powerful battle on the Tanas River in 751 A.D. Some Chinese soldiers and paper makers were captured and brought to Samarkand. The Arabs learned to make paper from Chinese prisoners and in 793 created the first paper industry in Baghdad.
They too kept it secret and the Europeans did not learn how to make paper until several centuries later. The Egyptians learned to make paper from the Arabs in the early 10th century. About 1100 A.D. The paper reached North Africa and to 1150 A.D. It reached Spain as a result of the crusade and established the first paper industry in Europe. A. in 1453. D. Johann Gutenberg invented the printing press. The first paper industry in North America was created in 1690 in Philadelphia.